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 Thursday [ʹθɜ:zdı] , 28 May [meı] 2020

Большой англо-русско-английский словарь

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  • Толковый словарь английского языка


    I. grind1 /ɡraɪnd/ 'British English' 'American English' verb (past tense and past participle ground /ɡraʊnd/)

    [Language: Old English; Origin: grindan]

    1. INTO SMALL PIECES [transitive]

    a) (also grind up) to break something such as corn or coffee beans into small pieces or powder, either in a machine or between two hard surfaces:

    freshly ground pepper

    b) American English to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces by putting it through a machine SYN mince British English:

    ground beef

    2. SMOOTH/SHARP [transitive] to make something smooth or sharp by rubbing it on a hard surface or by using a machine:

    a stone for grinding knives and scissors

    The lenses are ground to a high standard of precision.

    3. PRESS

    a) [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to press something onto a surface and rub it with a strong twisting movement

    grind something into something

    He dropped a cigar butt and ground it into the carpet with his heel.

    He ground out his cigarette on the window ledge.

    b) [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to press hard against something

    grind against/together

    as these plates (=large areas of land) grind against each other

    4. grind your teeth to rub your upper and lower teeth together, making a noise

    5. grind to a halt (also come to a grinding halt)

    a) if a vehicle grinds to a halt, it stops gradually:

    Traffic ground to a halt as it approached the accident site.

    b) if a country, organization, or process grinds to a halt, its activity or the process gradually stops:

    After two days the talks had ground to a halt.

    6. PERFORM A MOVEMENT to perform a special movement in ↑skateboarding or ROLLERBLADING, which involves moving sideways along the edge of something, so that the bar connecting the wheels of the ↑skateboard or ↑Rollerblade presses hard against the edge

    have an axe to grind at ↑axe1(4)

    • • •


    press to push something down or against a surface with your fingers or foot: The doctor gently pressed her stomach. | To move forward, press the accelerator. | I pressed ‘delete’ and started again.

    squeeze to press something inwards from both sides: It’s one of those balls that make a funny noise when you squeeze it. | Squeeze the lemon and add the juice to the sauce.

    squash to press something against a surface accidentally and damage it by making it flat: Don’t squash the tomatoes. | He sat on my hat and squashed it.

    crush to press something very hard so that it breaks into very small pieces, or is very badly damaged: Crush two cloves of garlic. | The front of the car was completely crushed in the crash.

    mash to press cooked vegetables or fruit until they are soft and smooth: Mash the potatoes while they are warm. | Babies love mashed bananas.

    grind to press something solid until it becomes a powder, using a machine or tool: the machine that grinds the corn | freshly ground coffee

    grind somebody ↔ down phrasal verb

    to treat someone in a cruel way for such a long time that they lose all courage and hope SYN oppress:

    I’ve never let male colleagues grind me down.

    grind on phrasal verb

    to continue for an unpleasantly long time:

    As the negotiations grind on, time is passing towards the deadline.

    grind something ↔ out phrasal verb

    1. to produce information, writing, music etc in such large amounts that it becomes boring SYN churn out:

    Frank just keeps grinding out detective stories.

    2. written to say something in a rough, angry, or emotional way:

    ‘You don’t love him,’ he ground out.

    II. grind2 'British English' 'American English' noun

    1. [singular] something that is hard work and physically or mentally tiring:

    I find the journey to work a real grind.

    workers emerging from their daily grind in the factory

    2. [countable] American English informal a student who never does anything except study SYN swot British English

    3. [countable] a movement in ↑skateboarding or ROLLERBLADING, which involves moving sideways along the edge of something, so that the bar connecting the wheels of the ↑skateboard or ↑Rollerblade presses hard against the edge

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