Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
the emission of ionizing radiation or particles caused by the spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei
Each layer of ice in a core corresponds to a single year or sometimes even a single season and most everything that fell in the snow that year remains behind, including wind blown dust, ash, atmospheric gases, even radioactivity.
the revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th and 16th centuries; a revival of or renewed interest in something
Los trabajos is the best evidence not only of the survival of Greek novelistic themes but also of the survival of forms and ideas of the Spanish novel of the second Renaissance.
to attack in order to steal, destroy, or conquer
Crows sometimes raid the nests and eat the eggs and the young of smaller birds.
to present a lifelike image of
X -rays differentiate between bone and air, certain other organs invisible. hence rendering the liver, the pancreas and
with reference to troops bring or come together again so as to continue fighting
In a last effort to regain control of Shiloh, the confederate troops rallied against the union soldiers in a three day raging battle.
the state of being famous.
He quickly became renowned for his religious theme paintings which were popular with the art buying public.
to move aimlessly from place to place; to explore idly
NASA launches the first of two golf cart size rovers that will ramble across the rocky, red soil of Mars and drill for evidence that the Red Planet once had enough water to support life.
to separate one part of a substance or object from another: tear; often used with apart
The colossal impact must have nearly rent the young Earth apart.
appearing ready to collapse; carelessly or loosely constructed
Both are lonely in their ramshackle surroundings and, over a series of gin rummy games, they become acquainted.
a remote or indirect consequence of some action
Another group doesn ‘t want to risk repercussions while perhaps another group just doesn ‘t care one way or the other.
the area of variation between limits on a particular scale: the car's outside my price range
Flexibility is the ability to move joints freely through their full range of motion.
the action or an instance of repeating or being repeated; a thing that repeats another
This would be a weight lifter performing multiple repetitions of a light weight.
the state or quality of being far beyond what is usual, normal, or customary
If the inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, a higher clarity does not really improve the appearance of a diamond but rather the rarity and price
fully or abundantly provided or filled
Gateway threw in a near library of primers for mastering the ins and outs of video editing. One, replete with colorful illustrations, shows you how to capture, create, and share movies.
to cause to move by steps or degrees - usually used with up or down
Since Sept. 11, Beijing has ratcheted up its bluster against Xinxiang ‘s Uighur separatists.
the force with which bodies, particles, or like forces repel one another
Einstein added a cosmological constant to his theory and that term represented a repulsion (pushing away) of every point in space by the surrounding points, acting against gravitational attraction.
to reduce sharply
The Fed started its rate-slashing campaign in 2001, and by January 2002, the average interest rate on credit cards had fallen by more than 2 percentage points. But then they began a steady creep upward.
save from a dangerous or distressing situation
The easiest way to rescue you is to not get into trouble in the first place.
the quantitative relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value
contains or is contained within the other Mercury is the only body in the solar system known to have an orbital/rotational resonance with a ratio other than 1:1.
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply; a place where fluid collects, especially in rock strata or in the body
The water builds up behind the dam and spreads out to form an artificial lake or reservoir.
desiring or craving food
Ladybugs, those polka -doted little beetles, have a ravenous appetite for aphids and other insects, which is why they can be used in place of insecticides in the citrus industry of California.
the fact of residing somewhere; the place where a person resides; a person ‘s home
His principal residence during the next several months was near Paris, France, just around the corner from the Luxembourg Gardens, where he spent much of his time; his written description of the gardens would later be revised for the closing of his novel Sanctuary.
uncooked; in its natural state, not processed
The chlorophyll captures the light energy and uses this energy to build carbohydrates from simple raw materials (water, carbon dioxide and minerals).
settle or find a solution to; decide firmly on a course of action
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the United States resolved to enter War.
to re-familiarize oneself with someone or something; to cause to know about or be aware of something or someone which was once familiar
Page through the text and/or your notebook to reacquaint yourself with the important points.
the quality of being resonant; physics: the reinforcement or prolongation of sound by reflection or synchronous vibration
It is now known that Mercury rotates three times in two of its years. Mercury is the only body in the solar system known to have an orbital/rotational resonance with a ratio other than 1:1.
without hesitation, willingly; without difficulty, easily
The developments in the music of Rhythm and Blues of the mid to late 1980's are readily apparent, especially the pervasive influence of hip -hop.
separately or individually and in the order already mentioned
Authors Jones and Dewey are respectively touted as prominent west coast and east coast psychics.
the state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them
Cervantes ‘s work, a keen critique of the literature of his time, presented the clash between reality and the ideals which Don Quixote sought to revive, and at the same time originated the theme of the clairvoyance of insanity.
the action of breathing; a single breath
Warm ups prepare your body for the exercise ahead by increasing heart rate and respiration, and thus supplying energy (heat, oxygen) to the cells.
become fully aware of as a fact; understand clearly
Although they loved Vinland, they realized there would always be trouble living with the Indians.
begin again or continue after a pause or interruption
At that point the Sun would stop, briefly reverse course, and stop again before resuming its path toward the horizon and decreasing in apparent size.
to take care of and educate [a child]
The life cycle of insects is so short that many generations can be reared each year.
continue to have; keep possession of; absorb and continue to hold
In -marriage also has the effect of retaining property within family lines, especially where women are allowed to inherit.
remember; cause one to remember or think of; officially order to return
They cannot recall having made withdrawals from their bank account signed for in a strange handwriting.
less advanced in mental, physical, or social development than is usual for one ‘s age
Binet was commissioned by the government in France to make recommendations about how to educate retarded children.
move back or farther away; gradually diminish
Fortunately, after three days of Sunshine and no rain, the floods from the American River receded back into its banks.
a group of advisers or assistants accompanying an important person
In 1569 he went to Italy as part of Cardenal Acquaviva ‘s retinue and after signing up as a soldier in 1570 fought in the battle of Lepanto aboard the galley Marquesa.
a cell or group of cells that receive stimuli; sense organ
Although the vibration receptor on the spider ‘s leg seems most sensitive to frequencies above 1,000 hertz, previous research had indicated that vibrations induced by trapped prey never exceeded that frequency.
get or bring back
The long cylinders of ancient ice that they retrieve provide a dazzlingly detailed record of what was happening in the world over the past several ice ages.
a person who receives something.
Modern city -states engage in instant electronic communication and capital transfer, and are the chief recipients of world population growth.
relating to the total income produced by a given source
Resellers intent on building a steady revenue stream continue to fill backrooms with assembly tools, components and test gear to turn out house -branded computer equipment.
the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit
It is important that a relationship be friendly and express group reciprocity.
respect or admire deeply
He continued to be revered after his death from a fall while painting in 1682.
musical declamation of the kind usual in the narrative and dialogue parts of opera and oratorio
The program included songs and recitations of well -loved poems.
move backwards; make something the opposite of what it was
It would seem socially unacceptable if the phrases above were reversed.
retrieve or recover; bring (waste land or land formerly under water) under cultivation
Until we can discover an inexpensive system for reclaiming sea water, we must all work together to make sure there is fresh clean water for the next generations.
examine and improve or amend text; reconsider and alter an opinion or judgment
A brief description of the invention, planning and drafting, middle draft peer review, final draft, and revised final draft stages will be explained by various students whom I have asked to speak today.
to put together again into one mass so that the constituent parts are more or less homogeneous
By recombining the atoms of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in different combinations, the plant creates the different carbohydrates.
to give new life or vigor to
Natural flooding of rivers revitalizes the habitats of many plants and animals and enriches soils for planting.
to form or make up again or anew
U.S. officials emphasized this was not evidence Iraq had a nuclear weapon -- but it was evidence the Iraqis concealed plans to reconstitute their nuclear program as soon as the world was no longer looking.
incapable of changing or being modified
Intense heat changes the nature of clay so that it becomes stony and rigid.
return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength
Therapists believe that the appropriate therapy involves the recovery of childhood abuse memories, through recovered memory therapy re -integration of alters into the dominant personality.
not deviating from correctness, accuracy, or completeness
The standards of validity for experimental research are so rigorous that it may take a researcher several years to get his results published in a scholarly journal.
a plane figure with four straight sides and four right angles, and with unequal adjacent sides
Betsy Johnson lives in a humble three bedroom rectangular shaped house.
the upper or outer edge of something more or less circular
The bicyclists raced around the southern rim of the Grand Canyon
into reusable material; use again
To save paper, one should consider buying books made only with recycled paper.
to separate or pull apart by force
To fully exterminate an ant colony, the must be located and treated—and in some cases, walls must be ripped open.
to put in writing; to select or adapt for publication
Court documents related to the guardian ‘s medical plan for J.D. are redacted and do not disclose when and where the young woman will be taken to give birth.
a small wave or series of waves; a gentle rising and falling sound that spreads through a group of people
Muscular contractions cause a ripple-like movement that carries the contents down the small intestine - somewhat like a conveyor belt.
to free from a lien by payment of an amount secured thereby; to remove the obligation of by payment
By redeeming this debt early, we continue with our stated policy to further reduce the company ‘s total debt position.
a situation involving exposure to danger
Another group doesn ‘t want to risk repercussions while perhaps another group just doesn ‘t care one way or the other.
acting or happening without apparent forethought, prompting, or planning
Because the dogs’ salivation is reflexive, Pavlov decided to analyze how the dogs learned to associate the bell with being fed.
a religious or solemn ceremony involving a series of actions performed according to a set order
There are seven sacraments or rituals in the Catholic Church.
make changes in something in order to improve it; cause to abandon an immoral or criminal lifestyle
In a short time, the reforms might well be a dynamic instability in the care and networking of patients with cardiovascular diseases.
a headed pin or bolt used for uniting two or more pieces by passing the shank through a
hole in each piece and then beating or pressing down the other end to make a second head Second only to iron and steel, aluminum is used in the construction of lawn chairs, baseball bats, air and space vehicles, and even the rivets that hold them together.
to cause to move, especially at an angle; to bend
Sound waves traveling upward may be refracted by the difference in temperature and redirected toward the ground.
a rhizome; a plant on to which another variety is grafted
Born in Atlanta on January 15,1929, Dr. Martin Luther King ‘s roots were formed in the African -American Baptist church.
stop oneself from doing something
He refrained from hitting him back.
move in a circle round an axis
It is now known that Mercury rotates three times in two of its years.
despite the prevailing circumstances
For example, some argue that regardless of any individual ‘s desire to get married, the community as a whole should support official recognition of their right to do so.
the action or process of rotating
The Moon ‘s axis of rotation is nearly perpendicular to the plane of its orbit around the Sun, so the Sun always appears at or near the horizon in the polar regions of the Moon.
re-grow new tissue; bring new and more vigorous life to an area or institution
But Davis and Trier have found that mesoscale convective vortexes play a key role in helping storms regenerate over two or more days.
having an uneven or irregular surface, not smooth or level; approximate
While these data are at best rough estimates, there is one certainty we spent only a tiny percentage of the $800 billion on prevention.
a government in power
He said the European Union would extend its ban on visits by Myanmar officials, warning that further pressure would follow "unless the regime moves rapidly to restore civilian rule and democracy."
a way or course taken in getting from a starting point to a destination
Grapevine Canyon is one of the three eastern exit routes from Death Valley, and the location of Scotty ‘s Castle.
a permanent unit of an army, typically divided into several smaller units and often into two battalions; a large number of people or things
William Tecumseh Sherman, division commander, was quoted saying to reporters, "Take your regiment to Ohio. No enemy is nearer than Corinth."
a sequence of actions regularly followed; a fixed unvarying program
This is important in sports such as track and field and football, as well as routine activities such as lifting groceries or moving furniture.
an area of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries; an administrative district of a city or country
Arnold speculated that the Polar Regions might have areas that are permanently shadowed, hence permanently cold.
waste material; refuse or litter
It lays its eggs in rubbish heaps, rotting trees trunks, sawdust, and other vegetative matter.
control or maintain the rate or speed of a machine or process; control or supervise by means of rules and regulations
Some alters create new alters as needed. Others perform a system regulatory function; they determine which alter will be in charge at a given time.
broken fragments, especially of a building
During the San Francisco earthquake at the beginning of the 20th century, many buildings were reduced to nothing more but a pile of rubble.
to throw or pour back or out from or as if from a cavity
California condors are scavengers, eating dead animals and carcasses left by hunters. Some condors will regurgitate their food if they feel threatened.
involving or limited to basic principles
To show why the chimpanzees signaling system is not homologous to human language, Zachary says that chimpanzees require massive regimented teaching sequences contrived by humans to acquire quite rudimentary abilities.
restore to health or normal life by training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness
Cardiac rehabilitation professionals find themselves increasingly drawn into discussions about healthcare reform, particularly when it relates to cost containment.
to keep from being admitted, included, or considered
Eventually, experimental tests by Army Majors William Gorgas and Walter Reed ruled out dirt and poor sanitation conditions as causes of Yellow Fever, and a mosquito was the suspected carrier.
to do or perform repeatedly so as to master
The bride and the groom usually rehearse their wedding ceremony before the actual day of the wedding.
to do in a formal manner or according to prescribed ritual: do
Picking up on Safronov ‘s general ideas, Hartmann and Davis ran calculations of the rate of growth of the 2nd -largest, 3rd largest, etc., bodies in the general vicinity of Earth, as the Earth itself was growing.
considered in relation or in proportion to something else; existing or possessing a characteristic only in comparison to something else
The precise composition, and relative proportions of that dust and gas, holds clues to the materials and physical conditions present in the frigid outer regions of the solar system where comets are formed.
the portion of precipitation on land that ultimately reaches streams often with dissolved or suspended material
The ground is completely saturated, so everything is runoff. We could have flash floods just about any time.
extraordinary or striking.
Leopold was a successful composer and violinist and assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court, whose archbishop, Sigismund von Schrattenbach, encouraged the activities of Leopold and his remarkable children.
relating to or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town
Marriage patterns in rural Turkey are noticeably influenced by endogamous preferences within both villages and kinship groups.
a medicine, application, or treatment that relieves or cures a disease
So we wanted to see how it measured in its latest marketing claims as an anti -aging remedy for men in their 40s," says Conrad Earnest, PhD, of the Cooper Institute Centers for Integrative Health Research in Dallas.
move or act with urgent haste; transport or produce with urgent haste
In the mid-1870s, gold was discovered, and press reports brought a rush of prospectors.
tending to remind one of something; absorbed in memories
Going fishing by the lake last week was reminiscent of the times when I went fishing as a child.
to act or move with energy or speed; to forage food
The big ears of a bat detect the returning echoes, as well as the sounds of prey, such as insects rustling in the leaves.
a small remaining quantity; a piece of cloth left when the greater part has been used or sold; a surviving trace
Deep into the jungles of Guatemala are the remnants of a civilization which existed more than 1,000 years ago.
far away in space or time; situated far from the main centers of population
Death Valley, one of the remotest areas in California, boasts summertime temperatures which are among some of the hottest in the world.