Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
an object of extreme devotion
Raccoons are known for their intelligence and ability to get out of any jam. Their cunning and survival skills make them one of the icons of the American wilderness. Humans well know that it ‘s nearly impossible to outsmart them and keep them out of garbage cans!
at or near the start of a period, development, or series
There is a special critical initial strength such that the field cannot decide whether to evaporate away or collapse to form a black hole.
a fervent hope, wish, or goal
Cervantes ‘s work, a keen critique of the literature of his time, presented the clash between reality and the ideals which Don Quixote sought to revive, and at the same time originated the theme of the clairvoyance of insanity.
to go about the initial step in doing something
He was concerned with the load fuel in his forest and decided to thin it out before initiating the burn.
visionary theorizing; the integrated assertions, theories and aims that constitute a sociopolitical program
England was the world ‘s most industrialized country in 1800, and from England the new industrial machinery, style of work, and ideology spread to the United States.
to force or shoot in, such as a liquid
The venom of a rattlesnake is injected through fangs which fold back when the mouth is closed.
a peculiar behavior
Known for having many idiosyncrasies, Mark Twain ‘s best work is his novel Huckleberry Finn.
causing harm or injury
In some cases, aggressive and/or self- injurious behavior may be present.
having or proceeding from low moral standards
Former ignoble President Clinton engaged in an illicit sexual relationship with an intern named Monica Lewinsky.
possessed at birth; of or arising from the most basic structure of an individual.
It has been documented repeatedly that learners achieve better results depending on the age at which they begin to learn a second language. I believe that there is an innate age -related factor.
having no basis or foundation in fact
It is important to remember that it was after this battle that the Union soldiers realized that hopes for an easy victory over the south were ill-founded.
a new unusual thing; inventiveness
Recently, many innovations in the medical field allow doctors to successfully treat some diseases which were once terminal.
undecipherable; not understandable
The professor was unable to score the student ‘s essay because of her illegible handwriting.
serious mental illness or disorder impairing a person's capacity to function normally
His all night and drug binging eventually led him to insanity.
something that serves to explain or clarify
A moment of great illumination for a child is when he develops the ability to conceive of things not present to the senses.
to form letters, characters, or words on a surface with an instrument
The words "We will always remember you." was inscribed onto his tombstone.
an erroneous perception of reality
Starting with the Retablo de maese Pedro, Cervantes demonstrates a mastery of theatrical illusion which, absent from part one, becomes another narrative function in part two.
a chemical agent which kills insects
Melathion is an insecticide used to exterminate insects such as fruit flies and mosquitoes.
widely known and esteemed
Adams revealed himself as a quintessential Puritan, patriarch of an illustrious family, tough minded philosopher of the republic, sage, and sometimes a vain, stubborn, and vitriolic partisan.
deep, thorough, or mature understanding; the power to discern the true nature or a person or situation
Scientists have gained new insight on a type of low pressure weather center that connects one mesoscale convective vortex to the next.
the act of someone or something being absorbed or involved
The learning which occurs in the formal language classroom may be unlike the learning which occurs during immersion, such that early instruction does not necessarily have the advantage for ultimate performance that is held by early immersion.
so as to compel immediate action or attention
Why the short story is the most popular form of literature today may be a reflection of the modern way of living that insistently demands that all current fiction be short.
endless life after death
Alchemists searched for an elixir that would produce immortality.
People may suffer from insomnia because of extreme stress.
having a high degree of resistance to a disease
This "hygiene hypothesis" also holds that a healthy bacterial balance in the intestines is especially important in the development of a mature immune system, and the use of probiotic supplements like Lactobacillus GG can stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in baby ‘s stomach.
a close of systematic study; the act of examining carefully
According to World Power Technologies’ owner manual, monthly maintenance consists of visual inspections of the mechanical condition of the turbine, inspecting the tower, and testing the brake. Annual maintenance consists of battery inspections and an up close inspection of the turbine.
an act, instance, or consequence of breaking
Multiple Personality Disorder is viewed by some as an extreme level of dissociation, which may result in serious impairment or inability to function.
the quality or condition of being erratic and undependable
They are very dangerous life -threatening disorders which usually intensify emotional instability.
about to occur at any moment
During the 19th century, a few writers who faced impending financial ruin went on to write some of the greatest books of all time.
The Brothers Johnson were an instant success releasing such hits as Strawberry Letter 23 and the celebratory dance hit, Stomp.
so small as to be undiscernible
Because of this shoaling effect, a tsunami, imperceptible at sea, may grow to be several meters or more in height near the coast. Imperfection (noun) something that mars the appearance or causes inadequacy of failure The fewer the imperfections found, the rarer and more valuable the diamond becomes.
to stir to action or feeling
There have been recent efforts of instigating prescribed burning as a means of forest management.
stimulation or encouragement resulting in increased activity
The growth of systematic archaeology in China resulted in numerous datable materials, provided tremendous impetus to the study of Chinese art, with researchers and art historians making great strides, discovering, confirming and re -constructing art in China.
the act of founding or establishing
On the other hand, there are those who decry marriage as a sexist and patriarchal institution that should be avoided at all costs.
a subtle quality underlying or felt to underlie a situation or action
Johnson and Newport ‘s assertions have wide ranging implications for classroom teaching.
most important, influential, or significant
In World War II, penicillin was instrumental in keeping wounds from getting infected and in helping speed the recovery of wounds that did not become infected.
to convey and idea by indirect, subtle means
Cooler stars are redder than hotter, bluer stars, implying that bluer stars must be younger than redder stars.
a condition of revolt against a government that is less than an organized revolution and that is not recognized as belligerency
The search for the missing troops went on amid a rash of confrontations between Iraqis and U.S. personnel -- one U.S. military official has called it a "classic phase of insurgency."
to force another to accept a burden; to take advantage of unfairly
A speaker may try not to directly impose by asking for a pen. Instead he would rather it be offered once the teacher realizes he needs one, and you are looking to find one.
untouched, especially by anything that harms or diminishes: entire or complete
The first American steam engine was not made in America at all, but imported intact from England.
an idea or thought derived or prompted by a natural tendency or impulse
The police officer got the impression to stop the car. Little did he know that he would find more than 50 kilograms in marijuana?
constituting or forming part of the essence of something
The years of 1979 and 1980 were integral in defining mainstream R&B dance music of the early 1980's.
In accordance withprepositional phrase
so as the state of individuals who are in utter agreement
The governor in accordance with the mayor of Los Angeles has decided to increase taxes on its upper class citizens.
the act, process, or result of abolishing racial segregation
The integration of African Americans into White only schools during the early 1960's caused widespread protests among segregationists in the South.
In conjunction withprepositional phrase
so as with a combination of events or circumstances
In Oregon, a private land owner named Ned Livingston burned his acres of forest in conjunction with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Klamath Lake District of the Oregon Department of Forestry.
capable of being readily understood
Language is a form of speech distinctly different from others (otherwise, we call them dialects of each other), adding for good measure not, or only partially, intelligible to others without special study.
a lack of physical, mental, financial, or legal power to perform
Due to his inability to read fluently, I recommend that he retake his English Literature class.
extreme in degree, strength, or effect
Intense winter storms, high rainfall amounts, to land sliding. and steep terrain areas are all conducive
the act or process of formally admitting a person to membership or office
Angelou wrote and delivered a poem, "On The Pulse of the Morning," at the inauguration for President Bill Clinton at his request.
covering all aspects with painstaking accuracy
At Harvard and in six further years of intensive reading while he taught school and studied law in Worcester and Boston, he mastered the technicalities of his profession and the literature and learning of his day.
relating to one who is imprisoned
Because the U.S. prison population is overwhelmingly male, most incarcerated parents are fathers.
to receive a communication or signal directed elsewhere usually secretly
U.S. intelligence analysts believe Saddam Hussein is more likely to be alive than dead, a conclusion bolstered in recent weeks by intercepted communications among Saddam loyalists, The New York Times reported Friday, citing government officials.
something that causes and encourages a given response
Aluminum has a high market value and continues to provide an economic incentive to recycle.
the act, process, or an instance of putting each of (two things) in the place of the other
Although many food plants had traveled halfway around the globe by 1492, not one food crop had crossed the Atlantic Ocean. That is why 1492 is such a crucial date in the history of the world ‘s food supply: Columbus’ voyages initiated the interchange of plants between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, which in effect doubled the food crop resources available to peoples on both sides of the Atlantic.
continuing or following without interruption
In spite of how mad it is, even though the global catch of most species is no longer growing, the size and number of fishing boats, lines, nets, pots and traps continues to expand incessantly.
of or between more than one branch of learning
Cognition and perception graduate students may easily elect to pursue programs of study with an interdisciplinary breadth. For example, a student with strong interests in aging may participate extensively in the developmental area and the Institute of Gerontology; one attracted to problems in social cognition might work with members of the social psychology program at the Institute for Social Research; and an individual who wished to model problem solving behavior may study with artificial intelligence specialists in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.
Incidentally, these 6,000 languages are not just a huge jumbled collection, but most of them are related to other languages.
to intervene without good judgment in the affairs of others
His house was bombed, and he was convicted along with other boycott leaders on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus company ‘s operations.
to move from true vertical or horizontal
Although the plane of the Moon ‘s orbit about the Earth is inclined about 50, its equator is inclined about 6.50, resulting in a 1.50 inclination of the Moon ‘s spin axis to its orbital plane around the Sun.
so as to be endless or tediously long
While in France, he would sometimes go to the cafe that James Joyce would frequent, but the interminably shy Faulkner never mustered the nerve to speak to him.
a solid, liquid, or gaseous body enclosed within a rock
In addition to internal inclusions, surface irregularities are referred to as blemishes.
in an irregular and unpredictable manner; at irregular intervals
To the east of the Armargosa Range is the Armargosa Desert, striated by the wide washes of the Armargosa River which intermittently flows south from Beatty, Nevada, through Death Valley Junction, curving to the west and then north to enter Death Valley below Jubilee Pass.
including everything; comprehensive
A family is the basic unit in society having as its nucleus two or more adults living together and cooperating in the care and rearing of their own or adopted children. Despite this all-inclusive definition, a lesbian or gay couple- with or without children -is not the image conjured up when most people create a picture of a family.
located farther in, or within something
Another benefit of exercising is that it increases bone mass. It is important to keep healthy and strong bones because they provide movement and protect our internal organs.
not to be believed; difficult to imagine or fathom
It is inconceivable that Hitler and his regime were responsible for the deaths of more than six million Jews.
a specific length of time in which a worker (often cases a student) works for a company in
order to gain experience A person should look for an entry level job, gain experience through internships, and watch for opportunities of specialized training or advanced education.
following no predictable pattern
The Ontario report found a probable link between firefighting and cancer even though the evidence was inconsistent.
to insert words into a book
Part one of Cervantes ‘s book interpolates peripheral episodes into the main plot.
progressively; more and more
Because to compete in the emerging global economy, city -states have no choice: they must mobilize all their skills to protect their center cities, grow smarter, protect their air and water, achieve more social equity, and train their workforce to excel in an increasingly competitive world marketplace.
the act or instance of intruding in other people's affairs
With appropriate intervention, many of the associated behaviors can be positively changed, even to the point in some cases, that the child or adult may appear to the untrained person to no longer have autism.
the holder of an office or ecclesiastical benefice
He lost a race in South Carolina for the only time in his career four years later, when he challenged incumbent Sen. Olin Johnston for nomination.
complexly detailed; difficult to understand due to intricacy
The entire small intestine is lined with intricate sets of muscles, which are never at complete rest.
the act of process of formally admitting a person to membership or office
The induction of Roger Staubach, a quarterback for Dallas Cowboys football franchise, into the Hall of Fame was well -deserved.
a secret plan to achieve an evil or illegal end
In 1768 he composed his first opera, La Finta Semplice, for Vienna, but intrigues prevented its performance, and it was first presented a year later at Salzburg.
not fit to be eaten
When humans learned to make fire, they had the means to cook plants which had previously been inedible.
a person who goes into a building with a criminal intent
The rattle is the most distinguishing feature of the snake and is a horny section at the end of the tail, which serves to scare off intruders.
a property of matter by which it remains at rest or in uniform motion in the same straight
line unless acted upon by some external force In the case of the whale, the inertia of its dense ear bone may hold the bone still while the whale vibrates around it.
in an inverted order or manner, as when one quantity is greater or less according as another is less or greater
In the Pacific Ocean, where the typical water depth is about 4000 m, a tsunami travels at about 200 m/s, or over 700 km/hr. Because the rate at which a wave loses its energy is inversely related to its wave length, tsunamis not only propagate at high speeds, they can also travel great, transoceanic distances with limited energy losses.
incapable of being avoided or evaded
Age took its inevitable toll on Thurmond as he neared retirement, and he was guided through the Capitol in a wheelchair.
incapable of being conquered, overrun, or subjugated
Juan Gil obtained Cervantes ‘s freedom in 1580 in exchange for 500 ducats. Once back in Spain, he became a tax collector for the Invincible Armada.
contamination of harmful organisms or extremely destructive or harmful matter
General causes for primary brain cancer can include a prior head injury, infections, exposure to chemical toxins such as insecticides and fungicides and exposure to radiation such as microwave or radio frequencies.
bring about, cause
Our giant impact hypothesis had the advantage of invoking a stochastic catastrophic event that might happen only to one or two planets out of nine.
without beginning or end
Instead it oscillates increasingly rapidly, performing an infinite number of oscillations in a finite time.
in the mind or heart; privately; secretly
She inwardly keeps her feelings from the rest of her family.
tending to cause an instance of irritating, as of a part of the body
It is amazing that even individuals who suffer from inflammatory bowel disease are often unaware of how their digestive system really works.
lack of smoothness or regularity
To determine a diamond ‘s clarity, an expert views it under 10 power magnifications. In addition to internal inclusions, surface irregularities are referred to as blemishes.
to cause to undergo or bear, as something unwelcome or damaging
Physical violence inflicted on others is an ever -growing epidemic in the United States.
to cause a stream to flow over land so as to water it
These slow moving rivers feed many canals that irrigate farmlands. Irritate (verb) to trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated, needless trouble The latter, at first sympathetic to the Mozart ‘s, later became irritated by Wolfgang ‘s prolonged absences and stubborn ways.
situated outside the visible spectrum at its red end -- used of radiation having a wavelength between about 700 nanometers and 1 millimeter
The key is the ability of remote -sensing devices to "see" energy in wavelengths not visible to the human eye, for example infrared bands.
the quality of state of being alone
A person who engages in criminal behavior can be differentiated by the quality or quantity of his learning through associations with those who define criminal activity favorable and the relative isolation from lawful social norms.
an act in defiance of another person's rights
In 1761, John Adams began to think and write and act against British measures that he believed infringed on colonial liberties and the right of Massachusetts and the other colonies to self government.
the action or a process of iterating or repeating; the repetition of a sequence of computer instructions a specified number of times or until a condition is met
Big Brother Africa is actually the third iteration of the program; the first two featured South African contestants only and the winners were both white men.
skill or cleverness in devising or combining; inventiveness
Ingenuity can help get children walking safely, but in the end tax dollars are needed to build speed bumps, extend curbs or install walk signs that indicate how many seconds people have left to cross the street.
one of the individual entities contributing to a whole
Avalanches are formed by a combination of three things that together are known as the "Avalanche Triangle." These three ingredients may be present in one location but absent 10 feet away. The three legs of the triangle are snowpack, terrain, and weather.
one who lives in a place for an extended period of time
Moon is essentially devoid of water, so no underground supplies could be used by lunar inhabitants.
to receive property from one who has died; to receive genetic characteristics from a parent
Another theory is the belief that these disorders can be inherited through family genes.