Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
the natural environment of an animal or plant
Fires help habitats and are important to endangered species of animals that rely on these plants for survival.
to send through the air with a motion of the hand or arm
During 18 days in May 1924, hundreds of steam explosions from Kilauea hurled mud, debris, and hot rocks weighing as much as 8 tons (7,000 kg) as far as two thirds of a mile (1 km) from the center of Halema ‘uma ‘u the current crater within the larger volcanic depression (caldera) atKilauea ‘s summit.
to negotiate over the terms of a purchase, agreement, or contract
Many felt--or were told--that the dealer wouldn ‘t haggle because of special pricing or financing on the vehicle.
to move rapidly or forcefully
The effect would have been as though a lousy cosmic golfer tore up a giant chunk of turf and sent it hurtling into orbit.
to greet with enthusiastic approval: praise, acclaim
Economists, however, hailed the report, saying it suggested consumer spending could rise at a 3 percent pace in the second quarter.
one who deceives another for financial gain
Many hustlers sought to attract visitors and investors to the burgeoning mining areas of California during the 1800's.
an erroneous perception of reality
Certain kinds of illicit drugs are known to cause users to experience hallucinations.
offspring of two plants or animals of different species or different varieties; a thing composed of diverse elements
Hybrid cars, designed to run on gasoline and electric power, will be more the rule than the exception as US auto manufacturers become more environmentally aware.
to prevent the occurrence or continuation or a movement, action, or operation
If the neutron star is too large, the gravitational forces overwhelm the pressure gradients and collapse cannot be halted.
extravagant or intensive publicity promotion
Although several successful mining ventures were launched, much of the hype was bogus, a fact which suggests that most miners did not make much money even though they were told that they would.
to make repeated efforts; especially : to reiterate an opinion or attitude
The most effective technique is to start with the dealer ‘s cost and bargain slowly up from there, rather than starting with the asking price and trying to hammer that downwards.
being extremely sensitive to something; having an acute reaction to external stimuli
Immunizing patients with bee venom can better prevent serious or even fatal reactions to the more than one million Americans who are hypersensitive to bee stings.
the interfere with the progress of
Electric car production is hampered by the limited energy supply of their batteries.
state like sleep in which one acts only on external suggestion
Most people have observed mild dissociative episodes in which they lose touch with their surroundings. Examples include daydreaming, highway hypnosis, or losing oneself in a movie or book.
to have an unfavorable condition, circumstance, or characteristic
In searching for a cure for the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) virus, researchers have been handicapped because of a lacking of funding by the government.
a proposition made as basis for reasoning, without the assumption of its truth
One attempt to solve the dark matter problem hypothesizes the existence of an undiscovered particle already existed in the very early universe.
an occupation requiring great skill with the hands; the articles fashioned by those engaged in handicraft
Acting as a sideline to farming and other occupations, traditional handicrafts are important to many Native American tribes.
a deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body
When climbers reach the summit of Mount Everest, few feel as if they ‘re on top of the world. The thin air at this extreme altitude offers only a third of the oxygen available at sea level. Lack of oxygen, or hypoxia, starts a chain of reactions that can result in altitude sickness.
capable of withstanding adverse conditions
Llamas are used to protect cattle and sheep herds from wolves. Among the oldest domestic animals in the world, they are hardy, intelligent, and easy to train.
to make use of, i.e., natural resources, especially to produce energy
The challenge of the 21st century is to harness such forces, and civic will, for strategic regional planning.
to cause to come into existence
The Goliath and Hercules Beetle lay their eggs in rubbish heap, rotting tree trunks, sawdust, and other vegetative matter. These hatch into small larvae in 10 to 18 days.
an animal which has recently emerged from an egg, chrysalis, or pupa
Being a fraction of the size of sea -feeding adults, the parr are able to sneak up and fertilize a female ‘s eggs without being noticed. Up to 40 percent of hatchlings are fathered by these parr.
involving risk, loss, or injury
It is prohibited to dispose of hazardous waste along the highway.
with the head or front making the initial contact
Strong neck and shoulder muscles and an extracollisions.
to point or proceed in a certain direction
Dr. Eric Topol, cardiology chief at the Cleveland Clinic, said the polypill idea runs counter to the way medicine is headed in the future, which is toward personalized medication based on an individual ‘s genetic profile.
with the head foremost
Like black bears, porcupines climb down a tree backward because their hind paws cannot support them if they go down headfirst.
administrative center of an organization
Today, we find the national park headquarters and overnight accommodations in this area, including Furnace Creek Ranch and Furnace Creek Inn.
streams flowing at the sources of a river
Lake Itasca, located in upstate Minnesota, River. thick skull absorb the impact of head-on contains the headwaters to the Mississippi
Remarkably, the Salmon fish makes significant headway against the swift currents of a river.
a disordered pile of something
Many insects are known to lay their eggs in garbage heaps.
a chance to be heard; preliminary appearance in a court, a chance to state someone's case
Adams ‘s innate conservatism made him determined in 1770 that the British soldiers accused of the Boston Massacre be given a fair hearing.
a central geographical region especially of the U.S. in which main stream or traditional values predominate
His story dramatizes the profound changes taking place in America ‘s heartland.
half of the earth as divided by the equator
Badwater is the lowest point in the hemisphere at 282 feet below sea level.
to make known the presence or arrival of
With ominous dark clouds quickly approaching from the horizon, the storm heralded trouble for the city of Tupelo.
Greek hero renowned for his great strength and especially for performing 12 labors imposed on him by Hera; often not capitalized: of extraordinary power, extent, intensity, or difficulty
But despite the herculean title, there ‘s one thing he hasn ‘t mastered. After hundreds of media interviews, roles in three films, and a large fan base that Viesturs calls the "Grateful Ed Tour," he still struggles to fully answer this question: Why climb?
the sum of the qualities and potentialities genetically derived from one's ancestors
Heredity may sometimes be a deciding factor in why some people become clinically obese.
an opinion, doctrine, or practice contrary to the truth or to generally accepted beliefs
Vigorously opposing this teaching, the First Council of Constantinople reasserted the Nicene condemnation of Arianism as heresy in 381, and Arianism soon disappeared from the Roman Empire.
up to this time; hitherto
Satellites, combined with state -of -the -art imaging techniques, offer ordinary humans something heretofore found only among comic -book superheroes: the gift of super sight.
the period of one's greatest strength, vigor, or prosperity
After all, you don ‘t have to be a wizard to realize that overloading on real estate today makes about as much sense as overloading on tech funds did during their heyday in the late '90s.
an interruption in time or continuity; break
After a six -year hiatus in human space flight, NASA debuted the space shuttle Columbia with a radical new idea: a reusable spaceship that would take off like a conventional rocket and land like a glider.
to spend the winter in a state of temporary inactivity
Snakes hibernate in the burrows of other small animals, but they are often seen laying in the sun on rocks, and on the side of roads.
the skin of an animal
The Assiniboine, a tribe of Plains Indians, made their clothing from the hides of their dead prey.
written in, or constituting, or belonging to a system of writing in mainly pictorial characters
It is agreed by most historians that the English alphabet descended from ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
to draw attention to something, such as marking a text with a yellow pen
An active reader underlines or highlights important points he has just read.
to steal by stopping a vehicle on the highway; to commandeer a flying airplane especially by coercing the pilot at gunpoint
A fourth airplane traveling from Newark to San Francisco was hijacked and, after turning east from its westerly course across Pennsylvania and Ohio, crashed in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania at 10:03 a.m.
forming the part that follows or is behind; rear
When bats sleep, they hang their head downwards from the long curved claws of their hind limbs.
a space in an otherwise solid mass
The entire digestive system from the mouth to the anal sphincter is a single, long, hollow muscular tube about 30 feet long.
a hit in baseball that enables the batter to make a complete circuit of the bases and score a run
The controversial supplement used by baseball slugger Mark McGwire during his 1998 record -breaking home run streak has once again struck out. Researchers found that androstenedione, known as "andro" for short, doesn ‘t live up to its marketers’ claims.
having the same relation, relative position; corresponding
Though artificial chimp signaling systems have some analogies to human language (e.g., use in communication, combinations of more basic signals), it seems unlikely that they are homologous.
gangster, thug, goon
In some inner cities, there are hoodlums who steal cars and sell drugs.
relating to a curved covering of horn that protects the front of or encloses the ends of her digits of an ungulate mammal and that corresponds to a nail or claw
Large hoofed animals such as sheep tend travel in groups called flocks.
a very large number of things grouped together
At the old school, there are a host of old desks, chairs, and tables which could be auctioned off at the outdoor market next week.
having or showing unfriendliness or an eagerness to fight
The Sioux fought against hostile tribes and white intruders.
a place in the upper mantle of the earth at which hot magma from the lower mantle up wells to melt through the crust usually in the interior of a tectonic plate to form a volcanic feature; a place in the crust overlying a hot spot
Volcanoes located away from the edges of continental plates puzzled scientists for years, until most concluded that hotspots of lava rising from deep in the Earth were the cause.
things pertaining to the family living in a house
Group A and Group B had to remember sixteen household items in a given set of time. The group, which was given the items in an organized fashion, remembered the items faster and retained the list longer.
gradation of color; the attribute of colors that permits them to be classed as red, yellow, green, blue, or an intermediate between any contiguous pair of these colors
On our image quality tests, the system ‘s 17-inch FPD1730 LCD monitor displayed crisp and legible fonts on a newsletter and vibrant hues on a test photo.
characterized by kindness and concern for others
Georgia was established by a group of humanitarians who were determined to create a settlement for debtors imprisoned in British jails.
an irregularly shaped mass of indefinite size
Frederic Remington, having some success also as a sculptor, was known to take a hunk of clay and in just a few months turn it into a work or of art.
to settle in or dig in for a sustained period
Hunkered down in a windowless conference room, five scholars analyzed a high school student ‘s essay with a scrutiny normally reserved for the likes of Hemingway or Dickens.