Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
the particular angle from which something is considered
The album ranged widely across the various facets of contemporary Rhythm and Blues including the dance hit Ai No Corrida and making a star out of James Ingram with his lead vocals featured on Just Once and One Hundred Ways.
natural fuel such as coal or gas
Atmospheric carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxides from coal and oil burning power plants, cars, and other fossil fuel burning sources have climbed along with the world population, with as yet unknown effects on the climate system.
the act of smoothing, aiding, assisting, or helping
Progressive neuromuscular facilitation is the process of providing force during stretching so as to improve the flexibility of an athlete.
to promote and sustain the development of
Hunters, traders, miners, and cattle ranchers, all of whom moved to the frontier areas of the United States in the 1800's, did little to foster the birth of civilization in those areas.
Fall out of favorverb phrase
losing one's popularity
By 1900 small electric wind systems were developed to generate direct current, but most of these units fell out of favor when rural areas became attached to the national electricity grid during the 1930s.
jet or jets of water made to spout for ornamental purposes or for drinking
Water is important for firefighting and for filling fountains and swimming pools.
radioactive nuclear debris
In April 1986, Russia ‘s nuclear power station at Chernobyl exploded, killing 250 people and sending radioactive fallout around the world.
the right to be and exercise the rights of a corporation
A businessperson may purchase the rights to a franchise such as Taco Bell, which gives him/her the rights to a proven system of operation and a trademark, and thus offering customer ‘s assurance that the meal will be as expected.
widely spread or distributed
We follow them from the Dodger camp in Santa Domingo to spring training in Florida and through their first years in America and professional baseball in places as far-flung and overwhelmingly white as Great Falls, Montana.
very cold; lacking all friendliness and warmth
The precise composition and relative proportions of that dust and gas hold clues to the materials and physical conditions present in the frigid outer regions of the solar system where comets are formed.
covering a wide scope
The crash of the Stock Market in 1929 had far-reaching effects on the US economy.
a region that forms the margin of settled or developed territory
Many were attracted to the American frontier by cheap land and a hunger for adventure.
a false, derisive, or impudent imitation of something
That there was gold in many parts of the Sacramento River turned out to be a farce.
the simple sugar found in honey and fruits
While Glucose and Fructose are absorbed directly into the blood stream, Sucrose is hydrolyzed during digestion according to the following equation: Sucrose + H2O v Glucose + Fructose
a termination of life, usually the result of an accident or a disaster
Many fatalities have occurred from floods in the Midwest.
material burned or used as a source of heat or power
Fats are necessary for some things such as fuel for our body, so it is important to get about 30% of our calories from fats.
the condition of being extremely tired
In general, a high measure of cardio respiratory endurance is the ability to perform about 60 minutes of vigorous exercise without too much fatigue.
one who flees, as from home, confinement, captivity, justice, etc.
Because Bloodhounds have an innate ability to pick up even the smallest traces of a scent, they are most effective in tracking down fugitives.
the quality of mind enabling one to face danger or hardship courageously, with decision, and unwavering firmness
The Sioux fought against hostile tribes and white intruders. Soon, Sitting Bull became known for his fearlessness in battle.
a large or important social gathering
When we are surrounded by a group of adults at a formal function which our parents are attending, we must say, "Could you please pass me that plate, if you don ‘t mind?"
capable of occurring or being done
The cost analysis of a proper prescribed burn and the cost of battling a blaze in the load fuel laden forests need to be considered to see which method is more economically feasible given the tight budgetary constraints with which the government has to operate.
a broad and basic rule or truth
The court described marriage as one of the basic civil rights of man and the most important relation in life. The court also noted that the right to marry is part of the fundamental right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution.
a great or heroic deed; something completed successfully
Swimming across the English Channel is an athletic feat that few people ever accomplish.
a substance which destroys any of a group or non-photosynthetic organisms feeding on organic matter
General causes for primary brain cancer can include a prior head injury, infections, exposure to chemical toxins such as insecticides and fungicides and exposure to radiation such as microwave or radio frequencies.
a distinctive element
A cold reading is the description of the personality, characteristics, features, past experiences and sometimes the future of a person without the use of standard psychological or other formal diagnostic procedures.
to move to a focal point or into a conduit or central channel
There also have been persistent reports that Saudi charities and members of the royal family havefunneled money to terrorists, including Osama bin Laden.
information about the result of an experiment or action
Constructive feedback to a child ‘s positive behaviors is essential in conditioning him to exhibit good behavior.
to put together into one mass so that the constituent parts are more or less homogeneous
The core thus begins to fuse helium into carbon to make enough energy to maintain its balance with the crushing force of gravity.
a supply stored or hidden for future use
Recycled materials, such as aluminum, also provide manufacturers with valuable feedstock. For example, recycled aluminum cans are used to make new cans.
the central body portion of an airplane designed to accommodate passengers, crew, and cargo
In designing an aircraft, every square inch of wing andfuselage must be considered in relation to the physical characteristics of the metal of which it is made.
breaking down of a substance by microorganisms, such as yeasts and bacteria, usually in the absence of oxygen, especially of sugar in making alcohol
In ancient times, people used fermentation to make beer and used plants to produce dyes and medicines.
the quality or state of being capable of breeding or reproducing
Although the impact of age on a woman ‘s fertility has been well -studied, experts say this is the first time such a strong association has been found between age and male fertility in the time it takes to conceive a child.
a developing human from usually three months after conception to birth
The young mother could feel her child ‘s fetus moving in her womb.
faithfulness or devotion to a person, a cause, obligations, or duties
In order to be considered a good Christian, a person must practice marital fidelity.
According to the figures compiled by Standard & Poor ‘s DRI division for the US Conference of Mayors and National Association of Counties, the US ‘s 314 metro regions are clearly the economic drivers, providing 84 percent of new jobs, 95 percent of high- tech jobs, 88 percent of the country ‘s income.
clarify, refine, clean
An electric pump filters out most of the impurities in a swimming pool.
marked by having the highest quality
Japanese businesses are adept at importing raw materials and exporting finished products to countries all over the world.
limited, having a specific number
A black hole oscillates increasingly rapidly, performing an infinite number of oscillations in a finite time.
bubbles, hisses, and foams in a beverage as gas escapes
Torp rejected Green Peace ‘s suggestion that CO2 injection was illegal, noting that it was legally sold and exported-- it is the ingredient that puts fizz in beer or soft drinks.
to fail or end feebly especially after a promising start — often used with the word out
Three decades after the concept of Pan -Africanism fizzled out; satellite television is working where liberation philosophy did not: connecting and modernizing the world ‘s poorest continent.
an innate or inborn capability; having a natural talent
Director and film producer, Steven Spielberg, has a flair for captivating his audiences with the special effects and superb acting in his movies.
one of two or more contrasted parts or places identified by its location with respect to a center
The slab avalanche is usually easily recognized by its distinct crown and flanks. Slab and other avalanches can be hard or soft, wet or dry and can be triggered naturally/artificially.
signal, bright light, or firework used as a signal
Crew members began to fire flares into the sky when they realized that the ship was doomed to sink.
scene in a movie or book set in a time earlier than the main action
Some movie directors use flashbacks as a way to create a more dramatic story.
to display or obtrude oneself to public notice
It was a sure sign that Embraer can fly as high as its competitor — a point driven home at the Sao Paulo show as Embraer opened a new front in the battle , flaunting its first executive jet, the attractively priced $20 million Legacy.
number of vehicles or aircraft operating under one proprietor
Americans throw away enough aluminum every three months to rebuild their entire commercial air fleet.
the ability to bend easily without damage
To maintain flexibility stretching must be performed at least every 36 hours.
sudden movement or jerk, especially of the wrist
Warm your arms by swinging them around. Loosely do boxing style punch drills. Loosely flick your wrists.
lacking proper respect or seriousness
Much of Mark Twain ‘s writings were flippant, and he used his characters to criticize the culture and politics of his era.
a very large number of things grouped together
A flock of geese was seen just south of Orlando, Florida.
improving, growing, or succeeding steadily
J.C. Penny started a flourishing business in which he offered customers retail products at wholesale prices.
to blossom; to reach a peak
City -states importance were enlarged by the rapid flowering of the Internet and the digital revolution.
downy, soft, light, puffy
Fluffy down -filled pillows provide much needed to those who suffer from insomnia.
substance, especially a gas or liquid, whose shape is determined by its container
Hawaii ‘s volcanic eruptions are typically characterized by the relatively quiet outflow of very fluid lava and by sometimes spectacular lava fountains.
something suggestive of running water
The tsunami ‘s energy flux, which is dependent on both its wave speed and wave height, remains nearly constant.
one who is hostile to or opposes the purpose or interests of another
In three remarkable careers as a foe of British oppression and champion of Independence (1761-77), as an American diplomat in Europe (1778-88), and as the first vice president (1789-97) and then the second president (1797-1801) of the United States John Adams was a founder of the United States.
a news story presenting new information on a story published earlier
In a follow-up report published in the May 31 issue of The Lancet, the same group of researchers report that after four years, the children who were exposed to the probiotic were 40% less likely to have atopic eczema than the children in the placebo group.
so disagreeably austere as to discourage approach
Despite the forbidding conditions, scientists have found certain fish and other animals to exist in the oceans’ deepest regions.
one who predicts future events such as the weather
Computer modeling to track these downdrafts and the cloud level ice crystals that help produce them were developed to give forecasters the edge in predicting severe storm systems, and possibly flooding, over the plains.
something that occupies a front position; in or into a position of prominence
At the end of the 19th century, a new way of transmitting power came to the forefront- electricity.
most important, influential, or significant
Alan Greenspan, one of the foremost economists in the US, has been chairman of the Federal Reserve for a number of years.
having been such previously
The term "Multiple Personality Disorder" or (MPD) has been largely replaced by Dissociative Identity Disorder or (DID). As the former name implies, MPD/DID is a mental condition in which two more personalities appear to inhabit a single body.
causing or able to cause fear; imposing a severe test of bodily or spiritual strength
The curved horn protruding from the Rhino ‘s head is a formidable weapon with which its competitors will be confronted.
chemical symbols showing the parts of a substance
The formula for glucose is usually written as C6H12O6. Glucose, once manufactured by the plant, is used to create many of the more complex carbohydrates.
to use in ingenuity in making, developing, or achieving
Alternate between your flash cards and notes and test yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated. Make additional flash cards if necessary.