Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
the farthest east of a boundary or territory
On the easternmost edge of Colorado lies a Native American settlement.
a person delegated to represent one government in its dealings with another
In April 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte negotiated the sale of the Louisiana Territory with the envoys of President Thomas Jefferson.
deviating from the normal or customary; peculiar behavior
The high eccentricity of Mercury ‘s orbit would produce very strange effects for an observer on Mercury ‘s surface. At some longitudes the observer would see the Sun rise and then gradually increase in apparent size as it slowly moved toward the zenith.
a long time
Collectively, these frozen archives give scientists unprecedented views of global climate over the eons.
a process of locating distant or invisible objects by means of sound waves reflected back to the emitter (as a bat or a submarine) by the objects
The biological sonar, or echolocation, of bats and a few other animals is one of nature ‘s great inventions.
the part of the earth ‘s surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
Buildings from as far as 50 miles from the epicenter of the 7.9 earthquake suffered extensive damage.
to be greater or better than
Albert Einstein eclipsed his predecessors with his revolutionary breakthroughs in relativity.
something significant that happens
Most people have observed mild dissociative episodes in which they lose touch with their surroundings. Examples include daydreaming, highway hypnosis, or losing oneself in a movie or book.
of a mysteriously strange and usually frightening nature
Movies also use conditioned stimuli such as darkness or eerie music to arouse the conditioned response of fear.
statement that two mathematical expressions are equal
Sucrose + H2O v Glucose + Fructose: We will need to remember that equation for the test.
the power or capacity to produce a desired result
Anyone who can read and write can improve the efficiency of their memory.
being the same distance as something else
In the copper crystal the spheres are packed closely together in such a fashion that each atom has twelve equidistant neighbors.
to throw out or off from within; to drive out especially by physical force
Many scientists have thought for years that the moon was formed during the early days of the solar system when another planet collided with Earth, ejecting fragments of rocky material that condensed into Earth ‘s only satellite.
a stable state characterized by the cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces
The fusion process released tremendous amounts of heat and light which could then combat the compressing force of gravity; eventually, the two forces reached equilibrium.
Our gut can best be described as a very elaborate food "disassemble" plant.
to supply what is needed for some activity or purpose
To further their success, psychics must equip themselves with the fundamental knowledge regarding human nature that most of us do not normally appreciate.
to increase the level of something; to move something to a higher position
Studies show an elevated (but so far not statistically significant) risk of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers for most firefighters.
equal in force, amount, or value; also : equal in area or volume but not admitting of
superposition; corresponding or virtually identical especially in effect or function "This is a boon to employers," said Ross Eisenbrey, policy director for the liberal Washington based think tank. "They ‘ll be given a green light to exempt people (from overtime) whom Congress never intended to be treated as the equivalent of doctors and lawyers."
relating to a group of persons who by virtue of position or education exercise much power or influence
Early decision started at most elite colleges in the late 1990s as a way for top students to win admission to their first choice of college without having to go through the longer admissions process.
a large division of geologic time usually shorter than an eon
For example, 65 million years ago a 6.2-mile (10 kilometer)-diameter asteroid impact resulted in a 100-milli0n -megat0n explosion that excavated a 112-mile (180 kilometer )-wide crater on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and brought the dinosaur era to an end.
vividly or movingly expressive or revealing; person marked by forceful and fluent expression
Beecher, Henry Ward (1813-1887), the son of Lyman Beecher, was an eloquent, dramatic, and witty Protestant preacher.
to destroy all traces of
Even though smallpox was eradicated two years after the last known case was reported in Somalia in 1977, it is still considered a danger due to the potential terrorist threat it poses if used as a biological weapon.
characterized by or exhibiting evasion
Since September 11,2001, American military have been searching for the ever so elusive Osama bin Laden.
to make or form a structure
In more modern times in the United States, windmills were erected as the West was being developed during the late 19th century.
the state of not being in confinement or servitude
One underlying cause of the Civil War was for the emancipation of all slaves in the South.
to consume gradually, as by chemical reaction, friction, etc.
Powerful waves caused by a storm off the coast of the Atlantic Ocean eroded more than 150 miles of coastline.
to go about the initial step in doing something
When Mozart was 6, he and his older sister, Maria Anna, embarked on a series of concert tours to Europe ‘s courts and major cities.
a sudden, violent explosion, as from a volcano
The Indonesian volcano Toba blew its top in the largest volcanic eruption of the last half million years.
being a site of battle, conflict, or controversy
The embattled music industry disclosed aggressive plans Wednesday for an unprecedented escalation in its fight against Internet piracy, threatening to sue hundreds of individual computer users who illegally share music files online.
as an inborn and basic element
Studies of lunar samples revealed that the interior of the Moon is essentially devoid of water, so no underground supplies could be used by lunar inhabitants.
to endow with beauty and elegance by way of a notable addition
The success of the cold reading lies in the sitter embellishing selected statements from the reading, with details that make the generalizations appear more accurate than they are.
existing or occurring without interruption or end
It was not until the end of World War II that the eternal succession of international wars ceased in Europe.
to steal money entrusted to one's care
Dubbed the king of white collar crime, Mark Hansen was twice imprisoned for embezzlement.
involving or expressing moral approval or disapproval
The American Medical Association (AMA) on Tuesday endorsed cloning for research purposes, saying it is medically ethical but allowing doctors who oppose the practice to refuse to perform it.
to encircle, to surround, or to enclose
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake can be found over varied country, embracing the mountains up to altitudes of 8000 ft, the seacoasts levels, inland plains, desert areas.
descriptive anthropology, which is the study of man in relation to distribution, origin, classification, and relationship to races, physical character, environmental and social relations and culture
Data from the two locations of Sterling ‘s ethnography show a uniform preference for marriage within the community as well as an interesting contrast in rates of endogamy.
to begin to appear or develop
To compete in the emerging global economy, city -states must mobilize all their skills to protect their center cities and train their workforce to excel in an increasingly competitive world marketplace.
to pass off as vapor by being heated
There is a special critical initial strength such that the field cannot decide whether to evaporate away or collapse to form a black hole.
discharged vapor or fumes
In 1972 a law was passed to control the emission of coal into the atmosphere.
to expose to view by or as if by digging away a covering
Gold jewelry and other precious items recovered from royal tombs excavated at the ancient Assyrian capital of Nimrud.
an appeal to emotion, especially to sway an audience to some belief
Although, from an early age, Martin Luther King resented religious emotionalism and questioned literal interpretations of scripture, he nevertheless greatly admired black social gospel proponents such as his father who saw the church as a instrument for improving the lives of African Americans.
to go beyond the limits of
The life span of five Western Diamondbacks at the San Diego Zoo has exceeded 15 yrs.
characterized by the projection of one's personality into the personality of another in order to understand the person better
Murillo often chose models he felt had empathetic faces for his paintings.
to be greater or better than
Because to compete in the emerging global economy, city -states have no choice: they must mobilize all their skills to protect their center cities, grow smarter, protect their air and water, achieve more social equity, and train their workforce to excel in an increasingly competitive world marketplace.
based solely on experiment and observation rather than theory
Cognitive Psychology is an empirical science and depends on careful experimental procedures and paradigms to test theories about these mental processes.
far above others in quality or excellence
As the boycott continued during 1956, King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage.
to give the means, ability, or opportunity to do something
Sociological research influences the way we think about work and organizational life and enables us to discover new knowledge.
being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate
Of 14 studies on the mortality of firefighters, 11 found excess risk for brain cancer.
the formal product or a legislative or judicial body
Unlike other countries which have a nationwide policy, in the United States, the enactment and enforcement of motor vehicle regulation is done by the states.
to the exclusion of any other possibility
Kinesiology is a class exclusively for those majoring in Physical Education
to cover something completely; to enclose something
Encased in a padded steel cocoon, most drivers are unhurt if they are wearing their seatbelts during the time of the collision.
to bring to bear steadily or forcefully
Athletes must not over exert themselves too much when stretching but instead they should let their flexibility increase over time.
the act of trespassing or intruding on the property of another
From 1863 to 1868, the Sioux fought the army ‘s encroachment.
an act of showing or displaying
Many sculptures and paintings are on exhibition at the National Gallery of Art.
to convert information from one system of communication into another; especially: to convert a message into code
The function that fills in forms offers an option to store credit card numbers too, but the information is encrypted on the hard drive of a user ‘s computer instead of Google ‘s computers, for security and privacy reasons.
to take out of the grave or tomb
The investigation calls for exhuming and testing the remains of Billy the Kid ‘s mother and Ollie L."Brushy Bill'' Roberts. Roberts, who died in 1950, swore he was William H. Bonney, the name most often given by the Kid as his real one.
to subject to danger or destruction
Fires help habitats and are important to endangered species of animals that rely on these plants for survival.
expecting the birth of a child
Putting bacteria back into the equation for expectant mothers and infants may help reduce the risk of developing eczema (or dermatitis, as it is sometimes called) well into childhood.
The custom of marrying only within one's group, clan, or tribe
Data from the two locations of Stirling ‘s ethnography show a uniform preference for marriage within the community as well as an interesting contrast in rates of endogamy.
something spent to obtain a benefit or desired result
Total healthcare expenditures can be very expensive.
to remain in existence or in a certain state for an indefinitely long time
Some towns and schools are named after Oak trees, reminding Californians of things that are free and enduring.
to come open or fly apart suddenly and violently, as from internal pressure
In April 1986, Russia ‘s nuclear power station at Chernobyl exploded, killing 250 people and sending radioactive fallout around the world.
to involve someone in an activity
His concerts were a great success, and the emperor, Joseph II, encouraged him, later (1787) engaging him as court composer.
a great or heroic deed
Given to reading books of chivalry, the protagonist Alonso Quijano, influenced by the exploits of his heroes, loses his mind and decides to become a knight, go out in search of adventure and impose justice according to the code of the knights errant.
to flow over completely
At this point in its life, the Sun ‘s envelope will expand to engulf all of the inner solar system out to Mars.
the condition of being laid open to something undesirable or injurious
General causes for primary brain cancer can include a prior head injury, infections, exposure to chemical toxins such as insecticides and fungicides and exposure to radiation such as microwave or radio frequencies.
to endow with beauty and elegance by way of a notable addition
Students are also expected to enhance the teaching, communication, and administrative skills he will need in his professional career.
to convey in language or words of a particular form
This led to a professor at Stanford University to multiply this ratio by 100 to express a child ‘s performance. He called this the intelligence quotient, or IQ.
to express at greater length or in detail; to make or become greater or larger
City -states’ importance were enlarged through the 1990s by the rapid flowering of the Internet and the digital revolution.
of such tasteful beauty as to elicit admiration
Although the Neanderthal man was not yet fully human and although he had a brain volume larger than that of modern man, he made exquisite tools of stone.
to become a member of
After World War I and II, American women and children were enlisted to help in the war effort by collecting items of rubber and metal for recycling.
to destroy completely, to wipe out
The insecticides sprayed around the house have successfully extirpated the termite infestation.
positive, active, and typically mutual hatred or ill will
Laboring to transform the dual Austro -Hungarian Monarchy into a triple monarchy including a Slavic kingdom under Croatian leadership, he won the enmity of both the Pan -Serbians and the Pan -Germans, and his support of the Christian Socialist campaign for universal suffrage brought the hostility of the Hungarian magnates.
to pay tributes or homage to; to honor (a diety) in religious worship
Benjamin Franklin extols the virtues of honesty, integrity, high moral standard in some of his writings.
of extraordinary size and power
The community consists of an enormous number of people of every conceivable age, race, religion, lifestyle, income, and opinion.
not part of the essential nature of a thing; not relevant or pertinent to the subject; not applicable
An essay with poor development, simplistic organization, and extraneous details will score 2.0 or lower on TOEFL iBT writing.
full of or marked by extreme anger
Enraged smaller birds are seen driving away larger birds that are trying to invade the smaller birds’ nests.
far beyond what is usual, normal, or customary
Quincy Jones has won an extraordinary number of Grammy Awards both as musician and producer.
to make rich or richer especially by the addition or increase of some desirable quality, attribute, or ingredient
Parts of a gas centrifuge system for enriching uranium were dug up in Baghdad.
of such a character as to overwhelm
At the performance, the jugglers made such an eye-catching performance that they were given a five minute standing ovation.
a group of musicians engaged in a performance
An ensemble of violinists played at the wedding.
to occur as a consequence
A large battle ensued, but the Vikings were eventually able to resist the attack.
A commercial organization
While healthcare strategies abound from diverse viewpoints and divergent professional groups, no one strategy has all the answers to reform the medical healthcare enterprise.
a project or undertaking that is especially difficult, complicated, or risky; a unit of economic organization or activity
Over the last 125 years, scientific research and science -based technology have been the most profound agents of change in American life, and science has grown into a complex enterprise interwoven with all aspects of our culture.
catching and holding the full attention
The journal of Lewis and Clark, which depicts their extraordinary journey of eight- thousand miles, is enthralling reading today.
one who is ardently attached to a cause, object, or pursuit; one who tends to become ardently absorbed in an interest
At one time, spotting a cougar in the eastern U.S. ranked alongside an encounter with Bigfoot or a UFO. But over the years, the rise in cougar tales has sparked an interest in wildlife officials and cougar enthusiasts alike.
an amount of quantity from which nothing is left out or held back
Some mental illnesses are caused by severe abuse during childhood violence so extreme that the child cannot absorb the trauma in its entirety.
to catch or control by a source of danger not easily foreseen and avoided
Upon locating its food, the anteater entraps it with its sticky saliva, hence making sure that the nest is wiped clean.
rich in dissolved nutrients such as phosphates but often hallow and seasonally deficient in oxygen
As a result of pollution, a lake can become entropic, hence making it distasteful and unhealthy.
to picture to oneself: think
But scientists envision nonmilitary uses.