Чтение текстов помогает в изучении английского языка, позволяет расширить словарный запас.
орфографический словари русского языка, большие словари синонимов и антонимов русского языка онлайн. (написание и толкование слов; подбор синонимов и антонимов), словари пословиц и поговорок , словари крылатых выражений и фразеологизмов
Основной словарный запас изучающих английский язык:■ Список слов, входящих в топ 1000,2000,3000, наиболее употребляемых слов,
согласно Longman Communication 3000 ?,
в разговорном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
в письменном английском: 1-я тыс., 2-я тыс., 3-я тыс., полный список;
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в академических текстах
на английском языке "The Academic Word List" ? (1451 слово)
■ Список наиболее употребляемых слов в разговорном и письменном
английском языке согласно "New General Service List" ?
(2818 общеупотребительных слов)
■ The Oxford 3000 words list.?
■ Англо-русский синонимический словарь ■ Англо-русские, русско-английские тематические словари (кулинария,авиа,футбол,экономика,общий,...)
■ Русские и английские пословицы и поговорки
■ 200 Words of Intermediate TOEFL iBT Vocabulary ■ 1500 Words of Advanced TOEFL iBT Vocabulary
Secureverb (secures, securing, secured)
cover, fend, guard, protect, safeguard, screen, shield
For example, if you secure something that you want or need, you obtain it, often after a lot of effort. Secure is used in a formal context. Federal leaders continued their efforts to secure a ceasefire.
Someone's step-father is the man who has married a child's mother after the death or divorce of his father. Her step -father has been married to her mother for five years.
indication, evidence, index, indicia, mark, sign, significant, token.
For example, a symptom of an illness is something wrong with your body or mind that is a sign of the illness. I thought I ought to let you know my symptoms have already been relieved.
Seizeverb (seizes, seizing, seized)
appropriate, annex, arrogate, commandeer, confiscate, expropriate, preempt, sequester
For example, when a group or people seize a place or seize control of it, they take control of it quickly and suddenly, using force. Army officers plotted a failed attempt yesterday to seize power.
Straighten upstraighten (straightens, straightening, straightened)
order, arrange, array, dispose, marshal, methodize, systemize
For example, if you straighten something, you make it tidy or put it in its proper position. She sipped her coffee and straightened a picture on the wall.
Settleverb (settles, settling, settled, settlement)
calm, allay, becalm, compose, lull, quiet, quieted, soothe, still, tranquilize
If people settle an argument or problem, or if someone settles it, they solve it, for example by making a decision about who is right or about what to do. They agreed to try to settle their dispute by negotiation.
Struggleverb (struggles, struggling, struggled)
attempt, endeavor, offer, seek, strive, undertake
For example, if you struggle to do something, you try hard to do it, even though other people or things may be making it difficult for you to succeed. They had to struggle against all kinds of adversity.
For example, if two people struggle with each other, they fight. She screamed at him to ‘stop it’ as they struggled on the ground. (noun) He died in a struggle with prison officers less than two months after coming Britain.
direct, freight, export
For example, shipping is the transporting of cargo as a business, especially on ships. The international shipping industry performs seventy -five percent of the world ‘s exports and imports.
For example, a subcontractor is a person or firm that has a contract to do part of job which another firm is responsible for. The company was considered as a possible subcontractor to build the airplane.
Sipverb (sips, sipping, sipped)
drink, imbibe, quaff, sup (off or up), swallow, toss
For example, if you sip a drink or sip at it, you drink by taking just a small amount at a time. He sipped at the glass and then put it down.
Subjectverb (subjects, subjecting, subjected)
expose, lay (open), uncover
For example, if you subject someone to something unpleasant, you make him/her experience it. The budget proposal you wrote contains some excellent initiatives, but we made a few revisions that would ensure we are not subjecting ourselves to unrealistic price expectations from the subcontractors.
For example, a specification is a requirement which is clearly stated, for example about the necessary features in the design of something. I ‘d like to buy some land and have a house built to my specification.
Submitverb (submits, submitting, submitted)
bring, deliver, present, offer, proffer, tender, send in, provide
For example, if you submit a proposal, report, or request to someone, you formally send it to him/her so that he/she can consider it or decide about it. They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.
Specifynoun (specifies, specifying, specified, specific, specifically)
cite, instance, name
For example, if you specify something, you give information about what is required or should happen in a certain situation. He has not specified what action he would like them to take.
Substituteverb (substitutes, substituting, substituted)
exchange, change, swap, switch, trade
For example, if you substitute one thing for another, or if one thing substitutes for another, it takes the place or performs the function of the other thing. They were substituting violence for dialog.
Spreadverb (spreads, spreading, spread)
circulate, diffuse, disperse, disseminate, distribute, propagate, radiate, strew
For example, if something spreads or is spread by people, it gradually reaches or affects a larger and larger area or more and more people. News of the large earthquake quickly spread across the nation.
For example, surgery is medical treatment in which someone's body is cut open so that a doctor can repair, remove, or replace a diseased or damaged part. The doctor performed surgery on the heart -diseased patient.
Standardizeverb (standard, standardizes, standardizing, standardized)
For example, to standardize things means to change them so that they all are the same. He feels standardized education does not benefit those children who are either below or above overage.
Swallowverb (swallows, swallowing, swallowed)
For example, if you swallow something, you cause it go from your mouth down into your stomach. You are asked to swallow a capsule containing vitamin B.
Stemnoun (stems, stemming, stemmed)
For example, the stem of a plant is the thin, upright part on which the flowers and leaves grow. He stepped down, cut the stem for her with his knife, and handed her the flower.
Sweepverb (sweeps, sweeping, swept)
circulate, diffuse, disperse, disseminate, distribute
For example, if events, ideas, or beliefs sweep through a place, they spread quickly. A flu epidemic is sweeping through Moscow.